Water & Sanitation for the poor in Mozambique
Construct 2 wells and 260 latrines/slabs, set up local committees
At independence in 1975, Mozambique was one of the poorest countries in the world. Socialist mismanagement and a brutal civil war exacerbated the situation. The last decade, partly thanks to economic reforms and political stability, the country has dramatically improved growth rates.
Despite these gains, it still faces huge challenges. Polluted water sources and poor hygiene are major causes of high mortality rates. Dorcas tackles these problems through a holistic approach (materials, training, environmental care, gender equality) putting emphasis on local ownership.
Who will benefit?
- 260 sanitation systems
- 1300 people affected
- 30 years duration
- 1300 trainees
- 2 water systems
- 1000 people affected
- 30 years duration
Chemba and Marringue
Project in depth
Water and sanitation Categories: Education, Maintenance, Sanitation, Training, Water
There are hardly any social and welfare facilities for the vulnerable in Mozambique. An estimated 54% of inhabitants is suffering from extreme poverty.
The life expectancy in Mozambique is still below 50 years. Soon after the 14 years' civil war, the government had tried to repair the existing infra-structures which are mainly concentrated in the cities, but the poor people in the districts do not have access to these.
The beneficiaries of this project live in the districts Chemba and Marringue, located in the province of Sofala. Compared to national figures, the rural province of Sofala shows considerably lower scores when it comes to basic health situation. Under 5 mortality in Mozambique is 178 (out of 1.000) while in Sofala 205 children out of 1.000 will dy before their 5th birthday.
Another striking example: 45% of people have acces to sanitation in Mozambique, but in Sofala only 29% enjoy the basic and necessary 'luxury' of a simple latrine.
Dorcas started an integrated health program in the districts Chemba and Marringue in 2008. In the past 2 years almost 15.000 people got access to clean water and 9.500 people received improved sanitation. Many village committees have been formed which are trained to manage, repair and maintain the facilities. 75 Community Health Workers were recruited and trained who in return trained the beneficiaires on hygiene and sanitation. As part of the training on environmental care, 1250 fruit trees were planted in the villages and 290 stoves are in use.
There is a marked change in attitude among the people who are now enthusiastic to use latrines and other sanitation facilities as a result of training. The project works closely with government departments especially the Ministry of Water as well as the Ministry of Health in areas of water, health and sanitation.
The project described here is part of a big integated health program benefitting 7.500 people in 2010. Here, one community is singled out as an example.
Creating sustainability is a key factor. The program is not just focusing on the short term solutions by building latrines and digging water resources but also offers activities for the long-term. These activities are the health education and awareness meetings with the beneficiaries. The beneficiaries are able to take their responsibility for their health and for the success of the program. The beneficiaries receive training on basic health & hygiene, and hiv/aids prevention. Besides these trainings, special workshops are organized promoting gender equality and environmental care.
The project gives leadership training to women and engages them positively in project activities. At this moment, at least 40% of the committee members are women. Efforts are being made to increase the participation of women in decision-making frameworks. Both men and women are receiving training in human rights, equality and sharing of roles and responsibilities within development realm.
The target group is trained on tree planting and reforestation. On the other hand, through promoting the use of energy saving stoves the firewood demand will be reduced.
Local committees’ tasks
After a training period, the local committees will be responsible for the (financial) management and maintenance of the facilities. They will also be involved in training the community health workers in basic health and sanitation. Another important task is regularly collecting data on the health situation of the target group, including prevalence of water borne diseases and number of hiv/aids cases. In this way, improvements can be easily measured.
1.000 people with clean drinking water and training on basic health, hygiene and hiv/aids. Also, workshops will be given on environmental care (plant 650 trees and make 60 energy saving stoves) and gender issues.
1.300 people will be provided with latrines/slabs. Beneficiaries will participate by making the bricks.
Each community will have its own committee, responsible for maintenance, repairs through local contribution and management. They will also regularly collect data on the (improving) health situation.
- Construction of 2 wells
- Construction of 10 VIP latrines and 250 slabs
- Give workshops on environmental care and gender issues
- Provide TOT to local committees on health and management
- 650 trees are planted and 60 energy saving stoves are in use
Target: Project committees are able to maintain boreholes
Indicator: Beneficiary contribution is in place and increased by end of 2010.
Target: Ownership of the community is realised.
Indicator 1: Establishment and training (TOT) of 2 community committees on health/hivaids and hygiene.
Indicator 2: After having received training from the committees, the community health workers give public trainings themselves to the communities.
Target: Awareness on environment among target population improved.
Indicator: 650 trees are planted and 60 energy saving stoves in use.
Target 1: Communities are trained in management and maintenance of the facilities.
Indicator 1: 96 community members will be trained on technical maintenance by end of 2010.
Target 2: Water & Sanitation infrastructure (Hand pumps) functioning
Indicator 2: Spares for hand-pumps are sourced locally by project committees by end of 2010.
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